Archive | health

Things Get Weirder The More You Study Them

I’ve been struggling to articulate my problem with science with some friends. Not in the sense of chemtrails or the modern world being inherently bad or something, not the idealized science that exists in peoples minds. The problem with real science as practiced by human beings. I have three lines of problems with any science outside experimental physics where there’s an actual reality to test things against.

My friends, to set up a straw man, believe in diligent, hard-working and often well-paid scientists. They possibly wear white lab coats and run experiments. There’s a selection process which somehow funnels the best scientists to the best problems where they Learn Results. These Results are then disseminated to the populace so we can all live better.

So, my problems with this:

First, it’s a giant circle jerk. Having worked in academic environments I’ve seen firsthand how much BS is produced. Most published papers are now not cited by anyone at all, ever. It’s become a write-only medium. So we can throw away 80-95% of academic output and on one level this is fine, it’s okay to frame academia as a place to experiment with a low chance of success. Almost no science studies are double, triple or quadruple blind which is what it would take to actually prove something tentatively in some small domain.

Second, Kuhn. I’ve seen up close highly paid smart people not see the wood for the trees. We have to wait for people to die for progress to happen.

Third, scientism and the application of science in the wrong places. Scientism is where we make things look science-y because of reasons. The application is much more insidious. Consider type-2 diabetes. We study the heck out of it and have scienced our way to artificial insulin which is great for T1 diabetics. Think of all those highly paid and smart researchers figuring out how to make insulin and getting past the FDA. The years and billions of dollars. But for T2, it just slowly kills you. It has enabled a vast number of people to begin and then keep their diabetes rather than solve the problem which is high insulin. Dr Fung points out the insanity of treating high insulin with more insulin, and the first sentence of his first book is “why are there fat doctors”? After all, doctors are smart, highly motivated, diligent and well paid so you can’t just say it’s bad morals, lack of information or laziness.

Today I caught this study about how much Titanium Dioxide diabetics have in their pancreas. Great work, good for them. But there’s something wrong. Again we have smart, motivated and paid researchers off studying some third or fourth-order effect instead of trying to fix the basic problem of diabetes. That problem happens to be also the biggest problem in retail medicine today – obesity predicts almost everything about your health outcome and we’re all obese or nearly there.

To avoid this human problem, we need to keep asking the five whys.

I love science the same way I love the idealized point, line, square or cube. They can only exist in our heads, just as science can only really exist in our heads. When it meets reality, we study causation the wrong way around, publish nonsense or study some downstream effect. And that’s before we use the scientific method to figure out how to make problems worse, like we did with insulin, along the way congratulating ourselves for our techno-scientific progress. Look at all the science the Russians used to copy the Shuttle or Concorde.

It’s like a drug addict who has a unknowing subconscious desire for a drug. They’ll use a vast amount of higher cognition and action to procure the drug and to logically prove to themselves why they need it. These higher-level faculties – the rational mind – are the servant to, not the master of, our subconscious. In the end though, it’s often-if-not-always a subconscious motivation that needs to be compassionately fixed to heal the problem. Throwing the logical downsides of drug addiction at an addict all day long doesn’t work at all.

Ah, but vaccines! And Boeing 787s! And particle accelerators! Of course – there are useful outputs of science-as-practiced-by-humans. Most of us wouldn’t be alive without them, that’s not the point. It’s that this is a tiny minority of science-as-practiced-by-humans and if anything were probably lucky accidents. After all, the guy who invented washing hands (which we all do 10 times a day now) was thrown in a lunatic asylum and died there for it discovering it and then trying to tell people about it! What a clown!

But that is ancient history, right? We’re better now!

I was walking around San Francisco once with a friend when I expressed a desire not to be caught downtown during an earthquake. He assured me that we were safe from collapsing structures since we probably now had “new concrete” that was probably much more earthquake proof. What a wonderful story! Look how easily we can invent narratives! I want some of this “new concrete” for my house! Plus, some buildings had survived previous earthquakes and were likely to be fine. Or were they weakened by previous earthquakes? Or maybe this “new concrete” if it exists has some fatal flaw. We will simply never know, we have to wait for the next earthquake to find out. And yet, here in the richest country in the world with scientists everywhere we can still build bridges that collapse as soon as you install them.

Lastly, there are real limits on our knowledge. First, Cantor’s diagonal slash puts real limits on what we can prove about anything. Cantor is why we remember Godel and Turing – it’s foundational to the computer you’re using to read this with. Second, we can’t even measure the length of a coastline thanks to fractals – as you measure things using smaller and smaller rulers the total measured length can tend to infinity!

These aren’t toys or silly extremes, they cut to the very heart about what it is possible to know (at least, using the systems of knowledge we have) even if we’re perfect and diligent science robots, let alone human beings. And, that’s only two of the constraints. There are more! In order to avoid these problems we have to limit any knowledge we try to build to small buckets of time, space and energy. Because if you study things too much, it gets very odd just like the transition from Newton to wave-quanta in physics. The more we try to pick apart reality using what we know about the human-scale world, the more odd it gets from our perspective. If you try to include the far past or future in your knowledge it all falls apart (the big bang, the heat death of the universe). If you try to include the very fast or very slow, it all falls apart (do I need to mention relativity?). If you try to include things very small or very large, it all falls apart (quanta or dark matter).

What do we do with all this? I have a clue. I’m writing a book about it, sign up to stay in the loop. You’ll only hear about the book, infrequently.

Healthcare Irony

The news is out – Atul Gawande is to lead the new Berkshire/Amazon/JP Morgan health initiative.

I love most of what Buffett says, I’ve been to Omaha and read the books. A few years ago someone in the audience at the Berkshire meeting asked if they were aware how bad sugar was. The response from Buffett was something along the lines of how happy people were at DQ and how few smiles he sees at Whole Foods, and that he himself is 40% Coca-Cola by weight as he drinks so much of it.

Sitting in the audience I thought of how it would sound if you just replaced sugar with cigarettes, and if Buffett had said something like he “loves cigarettes because they make you smile and he’s 40% Marlboro by weight”. And, yes, Buffett is quoted in Barbarians at the Gate saying this:

I’ll tell you why I like the cigarette business. It cost a penny to make. Sell it for a dollar. It’s addictive. And there’s a fantastic brand loyalty.

Because this equally applies to sugar, it’s a wonderful investment. I was randomly thinking about the Berkshire sugar investments last night and came up with this:

 Room TemperatureCold
SolidSees CandyDQ

With my investment hat on I love this too, but knowing people who’ve had cancer or diabetes it’s horrendous. The leap from sugar to cancer or T2 diabetes may come as a shock, especially if you’re versed in the “calories and exercise” theory of obesity (which has no actual evidence behind it). So the irony is that perhaps the people who’ve most profited off of bad eating decisions is leading the charge to reduce costs of the fallout. By the way, Charlie Munger is losing eyesight in his remaining eye. I’d bet this is a result of diabetic retinopathy which is a direct result of diabetes/metabolic syndrome which is just sugar intake. Of course I could be wrong.

I was struck by a quote in The Magic Pill (which is on Netflix by the way). Two quotes actually. The first was that essentially all noncommunicable disease is caused by carbohydrates and primarily sugar. This turns out to be true from all the research I’ve done. The second was multiple people being quoted saying “it can’t be that simple!”

This resonates from my youth when I was sure the government was responsible for all my problems, and that more free money was the answer. All the smart people I knew read The Economist, which I hated. Every story in that thing talked about a problem, talked about how a market didn’t exist or was broken, and then how a market would fix it. I was absolutely certain it couldn’t possibly be that simple… until I figured out it usually was.

A friend of mine in psychology said once that she didn’t like working with smart people because they’d agree about whatever psychological problem they had and the remedy, but then having proved it to themselves never do anything about it or just argue about it every session. Whereas, those not as smart would do the work, and prove whether it worked or not via the results. I see exactly the same thing on sugar and many other topics, my smarter friends tend to put a lot of faith in doctors or “science” as a theoretical concept as opposed to how it actually gets done. They’ll agree or debate endlessly rather than do the research or try things themselves. For some reason I find this deeply troubling.

It’s the difference between investing in sugar (so making money), and writing blog posts about how bad it is. The same moral quandary that some people struggle with in The China Hustle. Some of these guys try to sound the alarm on fraud and some just try to make more money. I notice that Michael Crichton tended to sound the alarm once he had money too, and became a personal hero for writing Travels.

Incidentally, the magic pill documentary describes how aboriginal people in Australia died after we convinced them that Coca-Cola was a great breakfast for toddlers. This exactly parallels what Vilhjalmur Stefansson documented in his 1960 book, which details what happened to the Eskimo when we convinced them that eating fish was a bad idea (I’m not kidding).

In any case, don’t eat sugar.


2016 Books on diet

All are recommended, though you really do need to read all of them to get a complete picture.

The summary:

  • Don’t eat anything with a nutrition label, or that comes in a box, or has a logo on it
  • If it’s meat, make sure it’s grass fed
  • If it’s fish, make sure it comes from the middle of the ocean
  • Really, really, don’t eat sugar
  • Go as long as possible between meals, for example by eating once a day or fasting for a few days regularly


How to not get cancer

In principle, there are few chronic diseases that are more easily preventable than cancer.

Cancer as a Metabolic Disease, Chapter 19.

At the beginning of 2014 I started to get involved in CrossFit after decades of not really doing any exercise but biking and snowboarding. I discovered quite quickly how unfit I was and made rapid improvements.

This led fairly quickly to thinking more about what I was eating. If I was spending a bunch of time to get fitter then I should probably spend some time figuring out where the energy was coming from. What I used to eat was essentially any crap that was available.

There’s a strong paleo bias in the CrossFit community. Paleo essentially means eating roughly what you were evolved to eat. The thinking is that it’s been a short time since pre-agrarian society existed and before farming we ate one set of things. After farming, we eat another set of things. Actually a radically different set of things from before farming.

The timeframe is evolutionarily very short. The theory is that we evolved to eat what we as a species ate before farming, and we haven’t evolved to eat the food we get in post-agrarian society. In fact, it takes about an order of magnitude longer for DNA to show some meaningful adaptation than the time we’ve had since someone invented farming.

Paleo led me to learning the three basic food groups: Carbs, protein and fats.

When I grew up, I was taught that fat was bad. It turns out that this isn’t really true. I was taught that carbs are good. Sadly that too doesn’t really have any truth to it.

Even more mind-blowing to me were the results of actually trying calories-in calories-out. This is the myth that if you balance the amount of calories you eat with the amount you burn you can gain or lose weight. It’s scary, but that’s not actually really true either.

You can read about all this in Why We Get Fat and many other books.

Reading that book led to some other interesting things. It turns out Japanese women don’t really get breast cancer. Japanese immigrants to the US do, but if they emigrate back it goes away again. That rules out genetics as the major factor.

Now I don’t know about you, but I was taught that cancer was caused by DNA mutation. A photon comes in from the sun and breaks some DNA, or a virus does the same thing, or some oxidant does it.  The broken DNA somehow causes a bunch of gene signaling that results in cells replicating out of control.

I was floored by the lack of actual evidence for this.

Now, what happens when you have some large metastatic cancer? The current technology is to give you a dose of radioactive glucose. Then you’re put in a large machine that detects that radiation (positrons as it turns out) and with a lot of computation will spit out three-dimensional images of where the radioactive glucose is.

Where is the glucose? It’s at the tumor sites. Think about that for a second.

The resolution of these machines is sub-centimeter (from memory I think it’s 7mm). So what happens if we do a biopsy and find a few cells but it’s not big enough to image or doesn’t have a clearly defined border so we can rip it out in surgery? Basically we irradiate you and kill everything. We hope that normal cells will rejuvenate back and that the cancer cells won’t survive. Unfortunately irradiating you has a lot of downsides which I won’t list, but are essentially horrific. Okay I’ll list one ironic side-effect, which is cancer.

This got me interested. Why was the glucose at the tumor sites?

It turns out someone was thinking about that and got a Nobel Prize for figuring out some of it in 1931. The theory is that cancer cells have broken respiration and are only able to ferment sugar for energy. This neatly (perhaps too neatly) ties a few things together.

First, that women in Japan aren’t eating bucket loads of sugar like we do in the US. If they aren’t eating all that sugar, and cancer requires sugar, then you’d expect cancer incident rates to be lower. Second, it explains why essentially no progress has been made treating cancer in the last 40+ years since going after DNA wouldn’t be the right thing to go after.

But wait. You saw Jurassic Park where they had a bunch of gene sequencing devices and Thinking Machines supercomputers. What if we took a group of people with the same type of tumor and sequenced the DNA in there. We should discover similar mutations – even the same mutations – in these different people. Then we could target those genetic malfunctions using some space age drugs and stop the cancer.

It turns out that people have been trying exactly this. The problem is they haven’t been finding any common genetic flaws and therefore, the entire working model we have of how cancer works might simply be wrong. That ties in nicely with making no progress in a few generations.

So if it isn’t DNA, what is it? Mitochondria. They supply energy to cells and even have their own DNA. It’s fascinating that mitochondria are inherited from your mother, which is interesting since it means a different set of evolutionary pressures will apply.

It’s worth taking a break from cancer for a second. If you go look at the data you’ll see an explosion of all kinds of other things in the world of chronic disease. Diabetes, Alzheimers, Parkinsons and lots more.

What about MS? Here’s something truly scary: It looks like MS is curable by essentially eating vegetables:

Dr. Wahl also has a few books out you can go find. So if thinking deeply about mitochondria can save someone from MS, what about those other things?

Well T2 diabetes is your inability to control blood sugar. It turns out that by not eating sugar you can essentially cure T2 diabetes. What about Alzheimers and Parkinsons?

There’s another great book there: Grain Brain. It turns out, again, that not eating sugar helps a lot. This idea that we end up old and get all these conditions, somehow left up to fate, just isn’t really true. What you eat and how you exercise will essentially preclude you from getting any of these things.

And none of this is particularly new. There was a book in the 80’s that’s been rereleased called Pure, White and Deadly. 50 years before that, Warburg was getting his Nobel.

So this made me think, is it too late for me? Growing up I had cereal with sugar for breakfast and an all-round cheap low-fat… Oh let’s also mention eating fat doesn’t make you fat, in fact it’s incredibly good for you… and high-carb diet.

After much more reading I got to Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. This guy decided to give a bunch of mice brain tumors and then deny them sugar to see what happened, and the result is a $130 cancer textbook examining everything from Warburg onward, up to and including treatment propositions.

We can skip back to diet again, where we left off on paleo. Paleo is essentially a low-carb diet which means no sugar. If you go look, it’s kind of interesting to see what health problems paleo people had (think: polio) and how we’ve solved most of them. Since they didn’t have sugar they didn’t get tooth decay, people have dug up their bones and figured that out.

What happens with very low carb diets? You go in to ketosis. The reddit keto community have a great FAQ all about it. It turns out you have this other way of fueling your body when you don’t have any sugars or things to metabolize in to sugars.

This again is interesting since if you were on planet earth ten thousand years ago then periods without food were a normal occurrence. Dr. Seyfried, and others, proposition is that without sugar cancer cells are put under a lot of stress and they die. How do you deny that? Well don’t eat sugar, or simply don’t eat. There’s a third way to simulate not eating, which is to put yourself in to ketosis. You should spend some time on /r/keto and see how people do on the ketogenic diet. It’s insane.


This is a graph (from Seyfried’s book) of the glucose and ketones in someones blood over 30 days while they eat a ketogeneic diet. Essentially the glucose goes down and the ketones go up in a compensatory manor so you don’t keel over and die.

By extrapolating out from mice models, Seyfried suggests that fasting for a week per year or a few 2-3 day fasts should kill the dysplastic cells you have. Your blood should look like the above graph but with the time axis shortened down from 30 to 7 days. And as it turns out, there’s already a lot of evidence that fasting is good for you.

So I tried it. I managed to get 3.5 days in. The problem was my timing. Let me say upfront I felt fine, actually great for the whole 3.5 days. But I chose to do it just before going on vacation for my birthday with a bunch of stressful driving and screaming kids. That was sub-optimal. At the 3.5 day mark I had some slight heartburn, got pissed off, and had a cookie.

The fascinating thing is how food craving feels. Having a ham sandwich in front of me felt just the same as having a chocolate cake or a beer sitting there. I expected some major difference there since surely chocolate is a treat and a beer is alcohol (and sugar). It was really strange to have the same episodic emotions over plain food.

During the period I recorded my blood sugar and ketone levels with one of these meters. Diabetics will be familiar with them. You lance your fingertip and squeeze to get some blood. Then dip a test strip to the blood and the machine magically spits some numbers out. You can see the numbers in this spreadsheet.

The problem is that the meters are pretty crappy. The readings are only roughly 20% accurate and the ketone strips (which are ten times as expensive as the glucose strips) have a relatively narrow reading band. The error on them is good enough for diabetics but not really for what I wanted. I also recorded blood pressure with one of these things.

You can see the glucose stay about the same and the ketones jump up on day 3. I think the glucose is problematic for two reasons. One, the accuracy of the device is roughly the same as the drop I should see, so it’s easy to hide it in the noise. Two, Seyfried warns about having anything but water. He talks about subjects having decaf tea and I was drinking gallons of decaf coffee.

If you look, I lose 2+lbs per day too.

The main barrier to fasting is simply self-discipline in the face of food everywhere. That’s why lots of people go on retreats to do it. You’re perfectly capable of fasting and obese people can fast for months on just water. Go look it up.

So I’m starting another fast again today without decaf coffee this time.

Here’s another video, longer and with more technical detail:


I don’t have a medical degree and I’ve glossed over a lot of detail in all this. I can’t summarize all these great books but hopefully just enough to get you interested. What can you do?

  1. Stop eating sugar. You’ll be amazed at the grocery store trying to find things that don’t have added sugar. Practically everything you pick up will have added sugar, under some name like “evaporated beet juice” or “dextrose” or whatever. Really, go see.
  2. Read. Get the books I’ve mentioned from the library or amazon, and here’s a recent good documentary to watch. It’s more than not eating sugar, but that appears to be a good start. It will be maybe 50 hours of time invested, but it’s a lot cheaper than getting cancer or some neurological malfunction. If you’re anything like me, educated by the government and charities, what you learn will blow your mind.
  3. Find a community. I highly recommend /r/keto as a starting point. It’s a place to ask questions and learn from others experience.
  4. Try to find some contradictory evidence. I’ve been trying, there doesn’t seem to be a lot out there that’s very defensible. Remember, people don’t change their minds, they just die and get replaced by new minds.



Eleven days in, no carbs at all. And there’s the results, down almost 10lbs.

Excel has lots of fancy features I used for this. Conditional formatting for the coloring. Some maths on the right hand side, including using the COUNT() function to figure out how many days have passed and TODAY() to figure out today, plus the number of days to go, to figure out the very theoretical completion date of losing 20lbs. Or, actually, 23.4lbs.

I’ve been biking practically every day, or doing some extreme Coloradan activity like watching deer in the back yard or hiking some hill up 1,000 feet.

I want to look at that graph and supply a narrative, like, it is converging on some value. There is a gentle curve there, not a downward line. But, it’s all BS and there isn’t enough data, but there is lots of noise. For example, I have no idea where the positive fluctuations come from, so I’ll call them noise.

Keep calm and keto on.



Either four or five days, depending on how you count it, and 7.6lbs down to 15.8 from 23.4, or 1.5lbs a day delta. Thats about one third of the way toward my goal. I feel incredibly good though there have been minor complications, now past.

Om Nom. Nom.

Om Nom. Nom.

I’ve pretty much been eating the largest steaks possible, including a T-Bone the size of a car tire yesterday. Plus veggies, just to save face. Go green and all that. This guy is eating 5,000 calories a day to “disprove” calories in/calories out, which is cute, but there have already been large controlled studies which do the same thing.

Yesterday was bacon & eggs for breakfast. Salami and cracked pepper goats cheese for lunch (about a metric ton of that). Steak, peppers and edamame for dinner. And lots of water. Talking of amounts, when I say eggs I mean three. When I say bacon I mean two strips. This isn’t a calorie restricted diet.

I gave up coffee yesterday which was painful. I have some kind of love for the Right Coffee but the Wrong Coffee gives me the shakes and some form of light-headed trips. The problem is the Right Coffee is just the same as the Wrong Coffee after, I don’t know, 6 cups. It was the same with Diet Coke; I used to do 10 cans of that a day easily until a doctor told me it was a neuro toxin. Then I quit immediately.

I remember that moment with a lot of clarity. I was at some horse trials in Colorado. What that means is a bunch of people drive their horses to a farm and then have to do five or six tricks or something. Like, “ride around in a circle”, best man wins. Or, “ride along a creek and pick up clues”. There is probably some complicated methodology to scoring that I’m too dumb to understand, but at the end of the day someone wins and everyone else gets to have some fun with their horse.

Drink Diet Coke and attractive women will be your friend.

Drink Diet Coke and attractive women of all possible hair colors will be your friend. Even the redhead at the back right that they carefully hid.

Said doctor was standing next to a railing, looked at my can of (delicious) Diet Coke in its shiny silver can, and looked at me like I was some sort of complete idiot and gave me the news. So I threw it away, and haven’t had one since.

Back to coffee. This time, both coffee makers have broken. One broke in the move, and then the french presse decided enough was enough and shattered. Maybe it was in the wrong country, or was just tired of playing second fiddle, but it has exited this Earth and will be turned in to a wine bottle or something in the next life. In any case,  I think the Coffee Gods were sending me a Message which I Received. I’m enjoying Capitalizing too much, too.


The Seattle Freeze

In Redmond, I could stand at the end of my driveway and see someone running past. I could say “hi” as they approach, “morning” as they go past and “bye” as they depart. And I wouldn’t get even eye contact.

Welcome to the Seattle Freeze, which that page lovingly summarizes as “have a nice day, somewhere else”.

Every. Single. One. of the people I know who re-located here from another state will tell you it’s hard to make friends here. They may not know the term “Seattle Freeze” but they well know the phenomenon. The only people who will deny it grew up here, and even many of them acknowledge it.

It’s so true, it’s not funny.

Here in Colorado it’s the complete opposite. The happy laser beam of smiles everywhere, and the state isn’t even in the top 10.



4.6lbs down in two days, just from going zero carb. Or, as reddit prefers, keto.

Diet has consisted of American-sized steaks, leafy greens, coffee, water, and the savior: mini babybel. Plural might be babybeli?


These things are tasty-awesome. Buy a bag of 15 or so, take them out and pop them like, I don’t know, blueberry vodka shots at 3am.

As it’s 2013 Mini babybel have their own website, twitter feed, facebook page and youtube channel. You too can be friends with a cheese.

Oh how I miss thee

Oh how I miss thee

Exercise? I’ve been biking everywhere. Colorado being Colorado, you have to have some kind of extreme outdoor activity every single day. Thus marathon-like hikes across plains that look like some scene from Prometheus only in full color. Without the aliens.  But, with bears, which is almost as bad. Not yogi bear or honey monster. Real, actual, eat your face bears.

Like most things, there’s not a lot of data behind exercise giving you expected outcomes. A rare glimmer of hope was seen recently with this NYT article, neatly distilled by in to something usable:


Just go to, hit start…. and that’s it. I’m totally looking forward to the 6 and 5 minute workouts.

Incredibly, NYT link to the original paper supporting this exercise set. I’m a little skeptical of the depth of proof and unaware of exactly what the “Human Performance Institute” is, but hey, it’s SCIENCE!


After 15 months or so of pain I now have American Teeth. White, smooth, regular American Teeth. As opposed to, say, British Teeth, from some sort of hellish netherworld of decrepit angular yellow spires. I have a theory about British Teeth; the health system there doesn’t cover it therefore nobody cares. Or, because other people aren’t paying for it, we don’t feel like it’s important. It would be nice to have some data on that.

About a year ago I also paid off my British Debt. That is, the £30k student loan was banished from my life. I’m lucky not to have American Debt. Well, hard work also plays a part in that, but, luck of investing in Gold ETFs helped.

Annoyingly I have however inherited American Weight. I figure, if I can spend 15 months being tortured by metal contraptions to align my teeth… and pay for this… then surely I can drop back to British Weight?

Unfortunately I can’t just pay for this and it will magically happen, like with teeth. The clearest way forward appears to be just cutting out carbs. Sadly, there isn’t really any evidence that calorie counting works, that exercise works, or most of the things that are common knowledge, actually work. See Gary Taubes book. But there is lots of evidence that carbs, and especially fructose, are really, really bad for you and make you fat. Fructose is one half of sugar, the other half being glucose.

The quick way to think about fructose is that it’s the same as alcohol, metabolized in much the same way, screws up your health similarly, but, here’s the rub, you don’t get a kick from it. It’s in basically everything. I tried to find salami recently that didn’t have sugar on it. Couldn’t find any.

So, no more beer for me. I have 23.4lbs to lose.

Of course, what better use for my blog, twitter and the rest, but to tell you what I had for breakfast? Fried egg and two strips of American Bacon by the way.

As for exercise, there are lots of other benefits, just not apparently for sustained weight loss. I’m going to be rocking the 7 minute workout, more on that later.

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